# 103 / Editorial

The crisis that has exploded in Israel is unfolding on two fronts. The unprecedented demonstrations that have punctuated the country’s political life since Netanyahu’s new government embarked on a reform of the judicial system manifest an internal front where Israeli citizens are torn apart over the definition and future of their country. But also outside the state, in the West Bank, where after the murder of two Israelis in the settlement of Har Brakha, hundreds of settlers went on the rampage in Huwara and three neighbouring villages, killing one Palestinian. On this second front, the violence of the religious Zionists expresses the radical nature of a nationalism that acquires a desire for exclusive appropriation of a place, and thus to dispossess the Palestinians. As Bruno Karsenti reminds us, if the State desired by the rioters committing such a gesture (and desired even within the government, as expressed by the Minister of Finance Betsalel Smotrich: “Israel should erase the village of Hawara”), it would no longer be Israel – in any case, the Israel born of historical Zionism, which religious Zionism is now questioning. “In historical Zionism, there is no doubt in anyone’s mind that the Palestinian Arabs belong to this land and hold on to it. Bruno Karsenti’s text – “What We Hold on” – comments on the situation that agitates Israel at the moment, but it also introduces the text of the Palestinian philosopher Sari Nusseibeh – “Belonging and Possession” – delivered on January 24 in Jerusalem during a colloquium dedicated to “Martin Buber and his legacy” and which we are pleased to publish in K. this week. The philosophical exploration of all the meanings associated with the verbs “to belong” and “to possess”, as analytical as it may be, offers us a way to plunge into the heart of the present issues. Indeed, committed to an unwavering principle of non-violence in order to “[find] the way to a certain form of living together” between Jews and Palestinians, the former president of the Palestinian Al-Quds University in East Jerusalem goes through Buber’s work, through Buber’s anguish about the nature and future of Zionism, to express his concern that two peoples should be able to share the same land.

Feminism and Judaism… We republish the report on the Jewish activists of Marseilles who took over the walls of the city to stick their slogans on anti-Semitism and the situation of Jewish women: “Jewish and proud” proclaimed one of them. Yoram Melloul tells the story of the tensions these religious and feminist activists face, as well as their denunciation of the silence of their camp – the left – towards anti-Semitism…

Examining the political situation that is inflaming Israel, Bruno Karsenti gives an account of the multiple fractures that deeply divide the populations living in the region. All the sub-groups in turmoil – religious Zionists, Israeli citizens demonstrating in defense of a modern democratic state now in danger, Palestinians in Israel and the occupied territories – are brought back to the same question, which touches on the feeling of belonging, which is felt in different ways. For although it is of equal intensity, it does not have the same content or the same meaning according to the perspectives involved. To belong or to possess? Sari Nusseibeh returns in this week’s issue of K. to the tension between these two words. Bruno Karsenti’s text reads like an introduction to the Palestinian philosopher’s contribution.

Sari Nusseibeh, 74, is a prominent Palestinian philosopher who, after studying at Harvard, was president of the Arab University in Jerusalem. A former PLO representative in Jerusalem and a longtime player in negotiations in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, his books include What Is a Palestinian State Worth?What Is a Palestinian State Worth?, Harvard University Press, 2011. and The Story of Reason in IslamThe Story of Reason in Islam, Stanford University Press, 2016. In his paper delivered on January 24 in Jerusalem at the symposium “Martin Buber and His Legacy” organized by the Israeli Academy of Sciences and Letters, he offers a philosophical analysis of the verbs “to belong” and “to possess” – in the context of the unique equation that in Israel-Palestine sees two peoples for one land.

In Marseille, feminist activists are taking over the walls of the city to spread messages about antisemitism and the situation of Jewish women. The movement, which is attracting attention via an Instagram account, seems surprising in Europe’s third-largest Jewish community, known for its conservatism. Yoram Melloul portrays some of these billposters, who often find themselves caught between their traditional environment and their activism.

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Thanks to the Paris office of the Heinrich Böll Foundation for their cooperation in the design of the magazine’s website.